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Management of a dental injury

Tdental trauma is something that can happen to people of all ages, causing pain, discomfort and possible long-term consequences if not treated promptly. 

Common causes of dental trauma

  1. Accidents and Falls: Accidents, especially falls, can lead to dental trauma. A fall can cause fractures, chipping, displacement or even loss of the tooth.

  2. Injuries during Sports Activities: Participation in sports activities, both contact and non-contact, increases the risk of dental injuries. Proper protective gear, such as sports braces, can greatly reduce this risk.

  3. Automobile accidents: They can lead to facial injury, affecting the teeth and surrounding tissues.

  4. Accidents during chewing

Dental trauma classification

One in three childrenpreschool agehe has undergone dentalinjury.

  1. Tooth fracture: They can be small surface fractures or fractures that also affect the pulp (nerve) of the tooth. Other times, they may involve the root of the tooth.

  2. Luxation injuryt: It can be a lateral displacement, wedging deeper into the gums, or partial loss of it (ie when it  has partially come out of the gums). 

  3. Avulsion of a tooth: The total loss of the tooth from the mouth. Expulsion occurs when a tooth is completely expelled from its socket. Immediate action is critical to the possible restoration of the tooth.

Management of a dental injury

  1. First aid: In the event of a dental injury it is critical to remain calm. If a tooth comes completely out of the mouth, rinse it gently with milk or saline and, if it's a permanent tooth, try to put it back in place. Never hold it by the root but only by the crowm (ie the part normally visible in the mouth). If you cannot place it in its place, place it in a glass of cold milk.  Seek immediate dental care. 

  2. Pain Management: Analgesics can help manage pain, but it is important to consult a dentist for a proper evaluation and prescription if necessary.

  3. Visit to the Dentist: Even if the injured tooth appears to have little damage, it is important to see a dentist right away. He or she will be able to assess the extent of the damage, address any immediate problems, and develop an overall treatment plan.

  4. Therapeutic Procedures: Depending on the nature and extent of the injury, treatment procedures such as tooth reconstruction, crown placement, tooth immobilization placement, or even endodontic treatment may be required to preserve tooth structure and function.

The time the toothremains outside the mouthand its means of preservationit is of vital importancefor prognosisof the tooth

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